What Is A Religion ? Some Major Religions Of World Are -

Khushi B
Jun 01, 2019   •  33 views

What is religion?

A set of beliefs, shared by a group of people, that gives meaning to life and death is called a religion. Some religions are monotheistic - their followers believe that there is only one god example Sikhism or Judaism. Polytheistic religions have many gods example Hinduism.

Major world religions are

1. Buddhism

Followers: 360 million followers.

Place of origin: India
2500 years ago
Inspired by teachings of Buddha
Sacred book: Dharma

2. Christianity

Followers: 2000 million followers.
Place of origin: Palestine
2000 years ago
Christians believe Jesus Christ to be the son of god.
Sacred book: Bible

3. Hinduism

Followers: 830 million followers
Place of origin: India
More than 3000 years ago
Embrace many gods and beliefs.
Sacred book: Vedas

4. Islam

Followers: 1250 million followers.
Place of origin: Arabia
1400 years ago
Followers are called Muslims, obey the teachings of one god. Allah, as revealed to Prophet Muhammad.
Sacred book: Qur'an and Hadith

5. Judaism

Followers: 14.5 million followers.
Place of origin: Israel
3000 years ago
Believes in one god, who appeared to Abraham and Moses and set out his laws.
Sacred book: Torah and Talmud

6. Sikhism

Followers: 24.3 million followers.
Place of origin: India
500 years
Sikhs believe in one god, satguru (true teacher) and teaching of 10 gurus.
Sacred book: Adi Granth

And around 12% of the people are a non-religious meaning atheist.

Places people go to worship

1. Buddhist temple

Relics ( remains)of the Buddha such as his robes are often found in Buddhist temple.

Dai Buddhist temple in Jinghong, China.

2. Church

Christians meet together to worship in churches. Such churches have domes others are topped with tall spires.

Sacred Heart church, Hungary.

3. Hindu temple

Hindus worship statues and images of their gods both in temples and their homes.

Khajuraho temple.

4. Synagogues

The Jewish place of worship is called a synagogue. It is a place of prayer and study.

Synagogue in dohàng street Budapest, Hungary.

5. Mosque

Muslims pray in mosques facing towards Mecca, the birthplace of Muhammad, in Saudi Arabia.

6. Gurdwara

A Sikh temple is called a gurudwara, which means gate to the guru ( a guru is a religious guide)

Golden temple in India.

A very holy city :

JERUSALEM ( Israel )

It is the holy city of three major religions :
1. Christians: for them, it is the city where Jesus, the son of God died and came back to life.

2. Jews: they pray at the western wall also called the wailing wall which is all that remains of the Jewish people's ancient second temple in Jerusalem.

3. Muslims: they believe that the mosque of the dome of the rock makes the place where their Prophet Muhammad was taken up into heaven.

A Fun fact

One of the latest growing religion is Baha'i founded in Iran in the 19th century. It seeks to unite all the religions and has 7.5 million followers worldwide.

And there is also Temple of All Religions in Kazan, Russia. It started in 1992 and is still under construction and when complete it will have 16 religions of the world even the ones which are no longer practiced. It is built Ilder Khanov According to him it is a Temple of culture and truth.



Profile of Khushi B
Khushi B  •  1y  •  Reply
Thankyou sakshi!
Profile of Sakshi Jain
Sakshi Jain  •  1y  •  Reply
very informative....