Sustainable Development Goals 2015-2030

Parth Gulati
Mar 28, 2019   •  17 views

Goals are made by us leading to the path of one's own transformation and life changing journey. Sustainability means development without any major changes.For transformation of the world and its sustainable development the UN General Assembly on December 2015 came up with 17 social development goals and 169 targets that are achieved by each nation till 2030. These goals are adopted by 193 countries and came into effect in 2016.

Origin of SDG

SDG evolved from MDG( Millennium Development Goals ) 2015. MDG was set up in 2000( was the first attempt to establish measurable goods and target).At Rio + 20 conference in 2012 , member states decided to elaborate new post 2015 sustainable development framework. The world saw significant political and economic changes over 15 years since the adoption of MDG.

Why was SDG needed?

  1. India's performance on MDG especially on health and nutrition improved but stayed sub optimal.

  2. MDG were not able to fullfill the health and development needs as they were too narrow in their scope.

How is India faring on SDG?

India scored a rank of 110 in the year 2016 which jumped up 6 points to reach 116 indicating the poor performance of our country and on the other hand it provides enormous space for improvement.

What are these Goals??
The General Assembly while formulating SDG put forward 17 goals that are as follows

  1. No poverty

  2. Zero hunger

  3. Good health and well being

  4. Quality education

  5. Gender equality

  6. Clean water and sanitation

  7. Affordable and clean energy

  8. Decent work and economic growth

  9. Industry , innovation and infrastructure

  10. Reduced inequality

  11. Sustainable cities and communities

  12. Sustainable consumption and production

  13. Climate action

  14. Life below water

  15. Life on land

  16. Peace, justice and strong institution

  17. Partnership for the goals.

Computing SDG India Index score

Raw Data - Raw data for each 62 priority indicators should be compiled and missing data identified.

Target Setting - A national target value was set up for each indicator

Normalisation - Rescale raw value to a scale from 0 to 100

Goal Score - Computed aggregates score under each SDG by calculating A.M of normalised core values.

Composite SDG - Measured composite SDG India Index score by averaging all goals scored.

India has a long way to go . The road to success is difficult but not impossible. We can achieve a sustainable development only when we develop a strong communion between the citizens and the Government. In a democratic country like ours where we elect the ruling party it should be the sole duty of that party to serve the common mass rather than creating difficulties at each and every stage of life.