Sigmund Freud, the founder of Psychoanalysis, described the concepts of Id, Ego and Super Ego in his paper written in 1923. According to Freud, Id, Ego and Super Ego are the 3 aspects of human Psyche or mind. They can be called as 3 elements or parts of the human personality. As per Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality,the different behaviours which human beings exhibit in their day-to-day life are the result of the interaction of these 3 elements.

Id: Id is unconscious part of the mind. Id is illogical, irrational and need no reasons. It works on the pleasure principle which means every desire has to be satisfied immediately irrespective of the consequences. Every Human being will have Id from birth and the other two aspects which are Ego and Super ego will develop as time passes. The infant whose mind is full of Id tends to satisfy his wishes of food or comfort as quickly as possible regardless of the circumstances. He goes on crying till his needs are satisfied.

Ego: Ego is the decision making part. Ego works on the realistic principle where it tries to figure out realistic ways to satisfy the desires unlike Id which tries in unrealistic ways. The ego keeps in mind the negative consequences of an act in the society and takes societal norms and etiquette into consideration before doing an act. If the Ego dominates Id, a human being will exhibit normal behaviour which is not harmful to anyone. But if Ego is weakened and the Id’s domination increases, human behaviour will be impulsive that is he may go to any extent where he may even harm others to satisfy his desires. Freud made the analogy of id and ego to horse and rider respectively. The ego is 'like a man on horseback, who has to hold in check the superior strength of the horse.'

Super Ego: Super Ego includes all the moral values and ideals that a human being acquires from his parents, teachers and society. Super Ego may form at around age 5. If Super Ego has more influence over ego, human behaviour would be more idealistic than just realistic. The superego consists of two systems: The conscience and the Ideal self. The conscience includes things which are considered as bad by our parents and society and can punish the ego through causing feelings of guilt. The ideal self (or ego-ideal) is an imaginary picture of how we ought to be, and represents career aspirations, how to treat other people, and how to behave as a member of society, basically behaviours approved by parents and elders.

On the other hand, a person who is highly dominated by super ego may turn out to be a extremely judgemental person as his beliefs may also be conservative and outdated.

Therefore, a healthy personality can be attained only if there is a perfect balance among the Id, Ego and Super Ego.



Profile of Nitya L. Pragnya
Nitya L. Pragnya  •  1y  •  Reply
Explained very well... so easily in a simple manner. Actually this conclusion proves that TOO much of anything is dangerous!!!
Profile of Sajini Baashaa
Sajini Baashaa   •  3y  •  Reply
'Libido'can be mentioned and id has the irrational feeling of sex and aggression which is being controlled by ego and superego. Ego acts as a mediator between id and superego.
Profile of Ajay Kumar
Ajay Kumar  •  3y  •  Reply
Good one Geetika, keep going 🙂
Profile of Ajay Kumar Theetla
Ajay Kumar Theetla  •  3y  •  Reply
Nice article on human Psychology
Profile of Sravanthi Godavari
Sravanthi Godavari  •  3y  •  Reply
Good article...Valuable information
Profile of Yeliya Viswanadhapalli
Yeliya Viswanadhapalli  •  3y  •  Reply
Very Apt.
Profile of Pratap Parasa
Pratap Parasa  •  3y  •  Reply
Thanks a lot for sharing this info!!
Profile of Kalyana Srinivas K
Kalyana Srinivas K  •  3y  •  Reply
the id is the set of unorganized trends; the ego is the organized realistic part; and the super-ego plays the moralising role. The id, ego and super-ego are only functions of the mind, not at all the parts of the brain.Ego deals with reality. Super ego deals with judgements. Super ego acts to civilize our behavior. anyway its a super article geetika. Nice write up. Good. Keep it up
Profile of Kumar Vemuri
Kumar Vemuri  •  3y  •  Reply
Nice concept
Profile of Prasanna Varma
Prasanna Varma  •  3y  •  Reply
Good explanation!!
Profile of Mahaveer Phogut
Mahaveer Phogut  •  3y  •  Reply
Sathva rajas thamo gunala combination ki analogy la undi Any how have been thinking of this concept. Made easy. Nice article.
Profile of Syam Tadigadapa
Syam Tadigadapa  •  3y  •  Reply
Thanking u a lot forr sharing this information!!
Profile of Nagababu Anagani
Nagababu Anagani  •  3y  •  Reply
Amazing information u have shared with us ! Keep rocking👌