15th March, World sleep day organized by the World Association of Sleep Medicine (WASM). Today we celebrate sleep & discuss issues related to sleep including medical problems &social aspects.

Let's discuss some common sleep disorders:


1. Sleep Apnea

The person suffers from obstruction in air flow during their sleep. Tongue & the surrounding soft tissue relax because of gravity they fall back & causes blockage when the person inhales.


a. Gasping for air at night

b. Insomnia

c. Difficulty paying attention while awake

d. Headache after waking up


2. Narcolepsy

You don't have a regulated sleep-wake cycle due to this neurological disorder. People tend to have a sudden attack of sleep during day time & even drowsiness.


a. Excessive daytime sleepiness

b. Cataplexy - sudden loss in muscle tone

c. Sleep Paralysis

d. Hallucinations


3. Exploding Head Syndrome

One of the most sensitive syndromes EHS is very frustrating and annoying. It causes you to hear loud noise while waking up & sleeping. The time period where you are falling asleep or in a subconscious state between sleeping & being awake, a loud noise of any kind (varies from person to person).


a. Hyphen headache

b. Nightmares

c. Parasomnia

d. Flashing lights


4. Restless Legs Syndrome

Sensation in one's legs making it move uncontrollably. RLS usually happens when you lie down in the evening or night, i.e. regular time to take a make (differs from person to person according to their sleep cycle). It can start at any age & the condition gets severe as you grow old & grey. The feeling to move your leg without any reason when you move your leg the wired sensation is eased away.


a. You feel sensation whenever your legs are at rest

b. Movement eases it

c. Symptoms worsen in evening

d. Leg twitching


5. Somniloquy

When you mumble in your sleep, it's the most commonly found sleep disorder also known as sleep taking. Sleep talking can sometimes either me complex monologues or something that you have heard before or sometimes it can be a simple mumble where not a single word you say makes slightest of sense. It can be due to alcohol, drugs & also because of complex feelings of anxiety, depression & pain. This can also be hereditary, Anastasia, sometimes fatigue & stress.

Sleep talking can occur at any stay of sleep & is completely harmless, mostly children are prone to this type of disorders.


a. Walking/ talking while as sleep


6. Dream Anxiety Disorders

Dream anxiety disorder, more commonly known as nightmares disorders. Everyone knows what nightmares are, a bad dream where our worst fears come to life in front of our eyes. The person suffering from this disorder always finds themselves in a life-threatening situation in their own dreams causing insomnia & disturbed sleep patterns.


a. Dreams cause distress

b. You wake up all sweaty 

c. Your dreams are vivid and look life like

d. Occurs frequently (sometimes a single dream may reoccur).


These are some of the sleeping disorder, if you experience any of these it's necessary for you to pay a visit to your doc & find a solution as soon as possible.