1. review of homework.
1. I shall do it with pleasure.
Pleasure means joy.
2. God is good to me.
3. I will sit at my desk to do my lesson.
4. I am sorry for what I have done.
5. O God! Keep me from sin.
6. I bought it for fifteen rupees.
7. He broke the jug into hundred pieces.
8. It has been raining since yesterday.
9. I have been working hard on Arithmetic.
10. We suffered from your neglect.
11. The exercise was written by me with a Parker pen.
12. "Will you walk into my parlour?" said the spider to the fly.
13. It is ten o'clock by or in my watch.
14. There is nothing new to it.
15. Do not cry over spilt milk. (We should not regret our past. We should not feel sorry for our past actions.)
16. You, boys, must settle it among yourselves.
17. The public was cautioned against pickpockets. cautioned means warned
18. They drove from Mumbai to Pune.
Now today’s lesson:
A fire broke __out___ in our area last night.
Our pool cab broke __down___ on the road and we had to take an auto to reach school on time. Cab means car.
Our school breaks up at 5 pm.
Cholera has broken __out__ in our area.
Break down means to stop working.
Break out means to start suddenly.
Break up means to end.
Parted from: Parted means separated from a person.
parted with: Parted means separated with a thing and animal.
Abstract nouns and nouns
Singular and plural and Gender
What is a noun?
A noun is a naming word.
Kinds of nouns?
proper, common, collective, material, abstract.
Another kind of noun- countable and uncountable nouns.
An abstract noun describes feelings, quality, ideas or state (condition).
Example: He is a man of strength. Knowledge, beauty, honesty, truth, price.
Feelings: happiness, sadness.
Quality: goodness, honesty.
State: Sleep, youth, childhood, death.
Examples of abstract nouns: Hope, honesty, modesty, courage, love, hatred, politeness, cruelty, rudeness, beauty, freedom, loyalty, anger, charity, patience, sincerity and surprise.
What is the difference between an adjective and an abstract noun:
An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. A beautiful flower.
An abstract noun describes a feeling, a state, an idea and condition: The flower’s beauty.
We can form abstract nouns from adjectives, verbs, and common nouns:
From cruel we get cruelty
From kind we get kindness
From beautiful we get beauty
From stupid we get stupidity
From sincere we get sincerity
From strong we get strength
From dark we get darkness
From bright we get brightness
From honest we get honesty
From hungry we get hunger
From angry we get anger
From healthy we get health
From happy we get happiness
From disobedient we get disobedience
From wise we get wisdom.
From move we get movement
From obey we obedience
From grow we get growth
From live we get life
From think we get thought
From die we get death
From hate we get hatred
From know we get knowledge
From laugh we get laughter
From common nouns:
From king we get kingship
From friend we get friendship
From father we get fatherhood
From mother we get motherhood
From child we get childhood
From boy we get boyhood
From girl we get girlhood
From priest we get priesthood
From owner we get ownership
From brother we get brotherhood
From author we get authorship
From woman we get womanhood