Conveyance of messages from one person to another or from one place to another is called 'communication' . It is not new to human beings. Birds and animals were used as means communication in ancient times.
It helps in quick transmission and discrimination of ideas, information and messages from person to person and place to place.
Communication helps in creating awareness among the people about government policies and programmes of development.
It enables us to know about natural hazards and disasters, weather forecasting etc. It helps in the progress of trade, industry, agriculture etc.
It provides entertainment, day to day information of the world. Helps to maintain unity and integrity of the country.
Today India has various modes of communication. They may be broadly divided into two categorise:
Letters(post) , Telephone, Telegram, Fax, E-mail, Internet, Seminar, Conference etc; are personal communications.
Newspaper, Radio, Television, Magzines and Books are come under mass media.
This is one of the most important communication system that existed since a long time in India. Post office provide many services such as carrying letters, packets , parcels, money order etc , from one place to another. They also provides savings bank facilities, issuing National Savings Certificates etc.
It refers to communication over a distance by cable, telegraph , telephone, Fax etc. In India telecommunications network has reached almost every remote corner. Telephone and mobile phone services have replaced the telegraphic service.
This play a very important role in mass communication. Even in remote places of India the people can hear radio messages and watch TV.
They are very useful to our several areas, because our farmers get upto date informations about the agricultural problems, farm commodity prices, weather forecast, modern methods of cultivation etc. They provide a variety of programmes such as educational and informative news, entertainment. All India Radio(AIR) was coined in 1936. TV broadcasting was started under the name of Dooradarshan(DD) at Delhi in 1959.
They are very important communication service which come under pront media. More than a lakh Newspaper and periodicals in different languages are registered in India.
Out of these 41 Newspapers have a history of more than 100 years . The oldest and still existing newspaper of India is "Bambay Samachar" (now Mumbai samachar) in Gujurati launguage. It was started in 1822.
The development of electronic technology and space service has brought a great change in communication media. Computer network has provided Internet facility, E-mail service , Fax etc., Artificial satellite has marked a new in the history of global telecommunication. Radio and TV networking over India are done through satellite technology.