The earth is home to various miraculous and strange creatures, plants and other living species. This diverse group maintains a balance in nature. The list of these species is amazing and unique that it will knock you down with a feather! Talking of plants and trees, there are about 298000 species of plants. Some plants and trees have medicinal properties, some have beautiful smelling flowers, some are toxic to humans and some have a completely strange appearance. The following are the most unusual plants and trees around the world that will certainly surprise you.
Considered one of the rarest in the world, Rafflesia is endemic in Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines. It is the world’s largest flower with a diameter exceeding 3 feet and weighing over 20 pounds. It is not only famous for its gigantic petals but also for the scent it emits. It smells like rotten meat! This totally parasitic plant takes about 9 months to bloom but only lasts for a week.
People fall in love with this tree the first time they see it. The intense rainbow-like colours and the astringent fragrance it emits can attract anyone. Rainbow eucalyptus (Eucalyptus deglupta) is the only eucalyptus tree that is indigenous to the northern hemisphere. The strange coloration happens when the surface layer of bark falls off. The bark underneath starts off brown and then changes colors over time, giving the tree its rainbow effect.
Generally known as euphorbia obese, this plant is native to South Africa. It has exactly the same shape of a baseball. It requires well-drained, sandy or gravely soil and plenty of sunlight for the successful growth.It can reach 8 inches in height and 3.5 inches in width. The special species of baseball plant is protected by national nature conservation as it is very rare in the world.
The Baobab (Adansonia digitata) is a strange looking tree found in the low-lying areas in Africa and Australia. The height of these trees ranges from 5 to 20 meters. It can grow to enormous sizes and carbon dating indicates that they may live to be 3,000 years old.Because the baobab tree is capable of providing food, water, shelter and medicine, it has been given the title of 'the tree of life'. These trees have been used as houses, storage barns and even prisons. But recent reports show that 9 out of 13 of Africa’s oldest and largest Baobab trees have died in the past decade. Scientists have speculated that the trees aging between 1,100 to 2,500 years appear to be victims of climate change.
A high-climbing vine, wisteria blooms vigorously in spring with large, drooping clusters of lilac or bluish-purple flowers. This vine grows very rapidly often reaching 25 to 30 feet long. This plant is native to China, Korea, Japan, and the Eastern United States. Wisteria flowers are beautifully fragrant, providing a feast for the senses.
The Welwitschia Mirabilis often described as ‘bizarre’ or ‘weird- looking’ plant is a dioeciously perennial plant with short stem and taproot.It consists of only two leaves and a stem with roots. Its two leaves continuously grow to a length of 2–4 meters and usually become split into several strap-shaped sections. Eventually, this plant can grow to be almost six feet high and twenty-four feet wide. Carbon-14 dating of the largest plants has shown that some individuals are over 1500 years old.
Generally known as the Titan Arum, the corpse flower is one of the world's largest and rarest flowering structures. It is a pungent plant that blooms rarely and only for a short time. The flower emits a strong odor similar to rotting meat or, aptly, a decaying corpse. The smell and the colour of this plant attract the pollinators. This plant may gain height up to 8.2 feet tall.
So, this was a list of the lesser known plants and trees. These amazing plants and trees clearly depict the diversity of living species on Earth. Many species are rare, endangered and unique. Some species are yet to be explored and studied. So, keep exploring and getting amazed by these wonderful treasures that are hidden in the laps of nature.