Amazon rainforest is also known as Amazonia or Amazon jungle. Amazon rainforests largely lie in Brazil with some of the rainforests covering Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, and France. Amazon forest covers nine countries. It is also called as The Lungs of the Earth. Amazonia is like the respiratory organ for the Earth which converts carbon dioxide to oxygen for us. It represents over half of the world’s rainforests. Amazonia contains about 390 billion individual trees which are divided into 16,000 species. Amazon forests are densely populated with the human population. The largest number of plants exists in the Amazon forests. The Amazon is home to a large number of trees, humans, animals, and insects of various species.
Around 2.5 million species of insects, 2,00 birds, mammals and thousands of plants exist could be found in Amazonia. According to the latest survey at least 40,000 plant species, 2,200 fishes, 1,294 birds, 427 mammals, 428 amphibians, and 378 reptiles have been scientifically classified in the forests. One in five of all bird species are found in the Amazon rainforest, and one in five of the fish species live in Amazonian rivers and streams. In Brazil, scientists had described between 96,660 and 128,843 invertebrate species. Due to a large number of species, Amazonia has the threat of getting several diseases. The pirranah found in Amazonia rivers can injure or bite humans. Vampire bats can spread the rabies virus. Large animals like an anaconda, black caiman, jaguar, and cougar are not safe for humans either. The risk of getting yellow fever, malaria, and Dengue fever also increases. So, Amazon is not very safe for humans to live. Not regarding any of the above consequences, humans have made amazon its home since 11,200 years ago.
Because of increasing human activities in Amazonia, many changes like climatic, and environmental are taking place. A large amount of deforestation is taking place to convert forested areas into civilizations. Since 1960 areas of Amazon were cleared for agricultural purposes. The soil of Amazon is fertile only for a short time. So, farmers constantly move from one place to another in search of fertile land. The clearing of Amazon lands caused deforestation and environmental damage in large amounts. Due to deforestation, a large number of species of both plants and animals are on the verge of getting extinct, not to mention climatic changes including global warming and an increase in global temperature.
One of the worst climate change that Amazon is experiencing is the drought. From the year 2005 Amazon is facing drought from the which gets worse every year. It is stated that in its present form Amazon can only survive three more years of drought. If we did not take some immediate steps then we all have to face some worst scenarios of Amazon.
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