Drone technology, now inexpensive and accessible, is continuously evolving and being put to several novels uses around the world. Initially known for their military use, drones are now being used by individual entrepreneurs, SMEs, and large companies to accomplish various other tasks. According to Juniper research,by the year 2020, 16 million drones will be soldin the commercial markets of the world and several regulations will be lifted off drone technology.
Some applications of drone technology are-
Drones are now being used to capture footage that would otherwise require expensive helicopters and cranes. Fast-paced action and sci-fi scenes are filmed by aerial drones, thus making cinematography easier. These autonomous flying devices are also used in real estate and sports photography. Furthermore, journalists are considering the use of drones for collecting footage and information in live broadcasts.
2.SHIPPING AND DELIVERY
Major companies like Amazon, UPS, and DHL are in favour of drone delivery. Drones could save a lot of manpower and shift unnecessary road traffic to the sky. Besides, they can be used over smaller distances to deliver small packages, food, letters, medicines, beverages and the like.
Available to amateurs and professionals, drones can acquire very high-resolution data and download imagery in difficult to reach locations like coastlines, mountaintops, and islands. They are also used to create 3D maps and contribute to crowdsourced mapping applications.
Drones provide quick means, after a natural or man-made disaster, to gather information and navigate debris and rubble to look for injured victims. Its high definition cameras, sensors, and radars give rescue teams access to a higher field of view, saving the need to spend resources on manned helicopters.Where larger aerial vehicles would prove perilous or inefficient, drones, thanks to their small size, are able to provide a close-up view of areas.
Farmers and agriculturists are always looking for cheap and effective methods to regularly monitor their crops. The infrared sensors in drones can be tuned to detect crop health, enabling farmers to react and improve crop conditions locally, with inputs of fertilizer or insecticides. It also improves management and effectuates a better yield of the crops. In the next few years, nearly 80% of the agricultural market will comprise of drones.
6.SEARCH AND RESCUE
Presence of thermal sensors gives drones night vision and makes them a powerful tool for surveillance. Drones are able to discover the location of lost persons and unfortunate victims, especially in harsh conditions or challenging terrains. Besides locating victims, a drone can drop supplies to unreachable locations in war-torn or disaster-stricken countries. For example, a drone can be utilized to lower a walkie-talkie, GPS locator, medicines, food supplies, clothes, and water to stranded victims before rescue crews can move them to someplace else.
Drones are being developed to monitor dangerous and unpredictable weather. Since they are cheap and unmanned, drones can be sent into hurricanes and tornadoes, so that scientists and weather forecasters acquire new insights into their behaviour and trajectory. Its specialized sensors can be used to detail weather parameters, collect data, and prevent mishaps.