Stillbirth is interpreted as the death of a baby of at least 20 weeks’ gestation. Most stillbirths occur during pregnancy. Stillbirth is when a baby dies before his/her birth, after 24 weeks of pregnancy. Till now all the causes of stillbirth are not discovered, but experience recommends that if pregnant women are aware of the risk factors, the signs to look out for and when to implore help, this might reduce the rate of stillbirth. It's not possible to prevent every stillbirth. However, there are few factors suggested by the experts that increase the risk, and there are simple things you can do to reduce these unknown risks.
The below listed are a few ways in which the probability of stillbirth can be reduced -:
1.Attend all your prenatal appointments sincerely without any miss.
It's essential not to miss any of your antenatal appointments. Some of the tests and measurements that can pinpoint potential problems have to be done at peculiar times. Going to all your meetings will also ensure to get relevant information about your pregnancy progresses.
2. Take proper diet and stay healthy
Try to substitute unhealthy foods for healthier options, and try to manage your weight. Being overweight or obese can enlarge the risk of problems in pregnancy. Pregnancy is not exactly the time for a weight loss diet, but you don't need to put on any extra kilos in pregnancy if you're already overweight.so to avoid such circumstance follow a proper healthy diet as well as do some light yoga's and exercise to keep you and baby fit, active.
3.avoid smoking, say no to alcohols and drugs
if you smoke, the best thing you can do is to stop it right from the day when you know about your pregnancy. Passive smoking (breathing in smoke from other people's cigarettes) is also harmful in pregnancy, so avoid being around people who are smoking. Avoid alcohol and drugs because drinking heavily and taking drugs in pregnancy can seriously trouble your baby's development and increase the risk of stillbirth.
4.Sleep on your side in the last trimester
The position pregnant women sleep in has newly transpired as an essential risk factor for stillbirth. Women who sleep on their back after 28 weeks of pregnancy have an almost three times increased risk of stillbirth. Therefore its recommended women after 28 weeks of pregnancy settle to sleep on their side.
5. Entreat help if fetal movements decrease
Women who experience decreased or altered fetal motions should immediately contact their midwife doctor. Women are often not aware of this risk factor and, as such; don’t instantly declare about decreased fetal movement
India is a developing country and an emerging market economy which is currently experiencing a rapid health transformation, yet many tragic events demonstrated the noticeable disparity in risk of stillbirth by women’s socioeconomic status. The government should take significant action to prevent, but along with that, we at the individual level should also try to make people aware about the factors leading to stillbirth and what all precautions they should take.