What Is Ocd? Its Meaning, Symptoms, And Treatment

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Trishika Singh
Feb 14, 2020   •  79 views
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Meaning of OCD?

OCD means Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. It is a common and long-lasting disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, recurring unwanted thoughts, ideas or sensations over and over again that make them feel driven to do something repetitively. OCD is a mental health disorder characterized by discomforting, invasive, compulsive physical or mental acts, obsessive thoughts, and repeated acts.

Many people with OCD recognize that their obsession is not realistic. Therefore, they feel a strong need to perform repetitive behavior or mental compulsions. OCD can be chronic, and it can affect a person’s daily activities like schoolwork, job, family and social activities. Proper treatment of OCD can help sufferers recover and control the illness and relief from the symptoms.

If you are facing OCD and want the best treatment by the psychiatrist in Jaipur, then you should visit the Jain neuropsychiatry clinic. Dr Sanjay Jain(Jain neuropsychiatry clinic) is the best mental care specialist an psychiatrist in Jaipur.

According to WHO, OCD is the tenth leading cause of disability, and in the case of women aged between 15-44 years, OCD is at 5th position.

Symptoms of OCD:

Some people who face OCD might hide their symptoms because of fear of embarrassment. Their family and friends notice some physical signs and symptoms:

  •  Excessive doubt and fear of making a mistake.

  •  Aggressive or horrible thoughts that harm yourself or other peoples.

  •  Distressing Sexual thoughts and disrespectful scenarios.

  • You are always in doubt that you have locked the door or turned off the stove.

  • Stress when things are not in an orderly and proper way.

  • Anxiety for contamination of dust.

  • Silently repeating a word or phrase.

  • Constantly hand washing.

Causes of OCD:

The condition might be triggered by genetic, cognitive, behavioral, neurological and environmental factors. 

1. Genetic Causes:

OCD is genetic, and it can run in families. It can be considered as a “familial disorder, and you are at higher risk when you have a close relative person with OCD, then you have higher chances of getting OCD.

2. Cognitive Causes:

The cognitive theory focuses on how people with OCD misunderstand their thoughts. A person who is caring for an infant and under pressure may have an intrusive thought, of harming the infant either intentionally or accidentally.

3. Behavioral Causes:

This cause states that OCD symptoms are developing negative thoughts and behaviours.

4. Neurological causes:

It develops to link between OCD and differences in the frontal cortex and the subcortical structure of the brain. Hormones such as serotonin, glutamate, and dopamine may also be involved.

5. Environmental causes:

According to research, OCD behaviours could be learned from a stressful event, a serious disease from contamination.

Types of OCD:

 There are many types of OCD. It has been considered that a person with OCD will face one of these five main categories.

1. Checking:

There is a necessity to check something becomes a compulsion. Common checking compulsion and obsessive fear include water tap,re-reading texts, pregnancy.

 2. Contamination:

Contamination is an obsessional worry, a fear of dirty things or a compulsion to clean it. Common contamination obsessive worries include worrying about germs and sickness, physically or mentally feeling dirty or unclean.

3. Ruminations :

Ruminations are a type of term used to describe all obsessional intrusive thoughts and some of these types of ideas might be disturbing or violent.

 4. Symmetry and ordering:

 In this everything lined up symmetrically “right” is this compulsion, the symptoms include in this: a need for symmetry or organization in items, having everything neat and at proper place at all times and have things lined up in a certain way.

 5Forbidden thoughts:

Forbidden thoughts symptoms may include frequent intrusive thoughts like sexual or violent, worrying about harming yourself or someone else without any reason, feeling guilt, shame about your thoughts.

 How is OCD diagnosed?

If you and your family member or your loved ones, have OCD symptoms talk to a mental health care provider. They can diagnose your OCD symptoms and provide the best effective treatment.

The best psychiatrist will ask you about the symptoms you experience. Diagnosis of  OCD requires that symptoms affect your daily activities and at least consume an hour of your day. Your psychiatrist will note all your OCD symptoms, and it will help them to make the proper diagnosis and provide you with the best possible treatment.

Treatment of OCD:

The symptoms of OCD can be reduced by treatments. A doctor will suggest the minimum use of medicine in the procedure. Therefore, one should prefer counselling sessions more in the treatment. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and medications are the most effective treatment of OCD. OCD treatments usually include medication, talk therapy, or both depending on the patient’s state. At Jain Neuropsychiatry Clinic, we have the expertise of OCD treatment by psychiatrist in Jaipur to help patients overcome OCD symptoms.

First-line treatments will include:

1. Cognitive-behavioral therapy:

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an effective method for the treatment of OCD. CBT is a type of psychotherapy. Its goal is to help the individuals change their way of thinking, feel and behave. It consists of two treatments

  •  Exposure and response prevention (ERP)

  •  Cognitive therapy 

Studies say that 75% of people with OCD are significantly helped by CBT.

2. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors(SSRIs) 

There are many types of drugs for treating OCD. Some SSRIs that may be prescribed for OCD treatment are:

  • clomipramine

  • fluoxetine

  • fluvoxamine

  • paroxetine hydrochloride

  • sertraline

  • Citalopram 

SSRIs often require higher daily doses in the treatment of OCD than of depression and may take 8 to 12 weeks to start working, but some patients experience more rapid improvement.

FAQs:

1. Is OCD a mental disorder?

Obsessive-compulsive is a condition of mental disorder. It consists of two parts: Obsessions and Compulsions. Obsessions are unwanted thoughts, images, a lot of distress that doesn’t go away.

2. Is OCD controllable?

OCD symptoms have compulsions and obsessions that can’t be controlled without treatment. Most OCD patients have both compulsions and obsessions, and some have one or other.OCD symptoms regularly occur without warning signs, and people think they can’t control them.


Conclusion:

 If you and your family members are suffering from OCD symptoms and want the best treatment by a psychiatrist in Jaipur, then you should consult Dr Sanjay Jain. He is the best psychiatrist in Jaipur. Dr Sanjay Jain provides the best treatment by cognitive behavioral therapy and other modern ways.

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