There are many people affected by various kinds of mental disorders, though they're unable to identify it. As per the statistics, One in 17 people might be affected with a severe mental disease such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (BPD). Not only this but the friends, family, communities of the patient are also indirectly affected. Many mental conditions begin by the age of 14 i.e in teenage life and 75% of them are actually developed by age 24.
Schizophrenia is one of the mental disorder which can change the life of a person in a brutal way.
Schizophrenia is a psychological issue described by disturbances in thinking process, observations, passionate responsiveness, and social collaborations. In spite of the fact that the course of schizophrenia varies individually, schizophrenia is ordinarily tenacious and can be both extreme and impairing. Previously, there were types of disease which were paranoid schizophrenia, and schizoaffective disorder. But they're not used by doctors.
BURDEN ABOUT THE DISEASE:
• It is one of the top leading causes of disability across the world.
• The patients with schizophrenia have an higher risk of premature mortality.
• The predicted life loss age for individuals with schizophrenia disease in the U.S. is 28.5 years.
• Estimated percent for patients who die because of suicide in disease is 4.9%.
Before the actual symptoms start arising, several minor symptoms like anger, anxious, and unfocused are shown in the patients. Though, the major symptoms are classified into:
Positive side effects - It is also called as psychotic manifestations. It includes delusions and hallucinations.
Negative manifestations - These allude to components which are taken away from the person. For instance, non-appearance of outward appearances or absence of motivation.
Cognitive side effects - These influence the individual's perspectives. They might be positive or negative side effects, for example, unable to concentrate is a negative side effect.
Emotional side effects - These are normally negative indications, for example, blunted feelings.
The causes of schizophrenia is a mixture of genetic and environmental factors, as per experts. If the disorder is not genetically inherited, then the percent of developing the disease is less than 1%.
The changes in the dopamine level which is a neurotransmittercan also lead to onset of disease. The other neurotransmitter, serotonin, may also be involved.
Lastly, the environmental factors like trauma before birth and viral infections may contribute to the progression of the disease.
DRUGS INDUCED SCHIZOPHRENIA:
Cannabis and LSD drugs popularly are known to cause schizophrenia relapses. Furthermore, for individuals with an inclination to a psychotic disease, for example, schizophrenia, use of cannabis may trigger the first scene.
A few specialists trust that specific professionally prescribed medications, for example, steroids and stimulants, can cause psychosis.
Blood tests - in situations where drugs use might be a factor a blood test might be requested. Blood tests are likewise done to bar physical reasons for disease.
Imaging studies - to rule out tumors and issues in the structure of the brain.
Mental assessment - a doctor will survey the patient's psychological state by getting some information about considerations, mind-sets, fantasies, self-destructive qualities, fierce tendencies, or potential for violence, just as watching their mien and appearance.
The treatments widely include -
• psychological counseling
• self-help resources
Anti-psychosis drugs have fortunately transformed schizophrenia treatment. The drugs include like Olanzapine, Risperidone, Haloperidol, and Clozapine etc.
Thus, schizophrenia is a prevailing disease which can lead to various hazardous condition if left untreated.