Earthquakes are one of the most brutal natural disasters that is impossible to be prevented. The only thing that we can do is take the right precautions to keep ourselves safe. Depending on their frequency the damage they bring base on severity. If the precautions are not taken properly, then the damage can be severe, and greater lives lost. The more the intensity of the earthquake the more damage they cause to us. Earthquakes can cause various damages causing loss of property and even human lives. Depending on which area the earthquake takes place the dangers and amount of damages will vary because of it.
No matter the amount of intensity the earthquakes always cause a vertical or horizontal shifts in tectonic plates. Mountain regions are more prone to their effects than planes. If the intensity is severe, then earthquake can cause landslides, avalanches in the mountainous areas and cause also cause the split in the land. It can cause damage to buildings making them fall to a side and then eventually they can fall apart.
Another way that the buildings fall because of the earthquake is because of soil liquefaction. It causes soil liquefaction when the soil mixes with the groundwater because of the earthquake. After the mixing of the soil with the groundwater, it forms a new soft soil is like quicksand. If this liquefaction takes place underneath the building, then the soil forms into mush causing the building to sink or shake. Soil liquefaction is common in places where sandy soil along with groundwater at shallow depths exist.
If the area containing a fault line is affected by the soil, then the land breaks into pieces where the fault line exists. Making it to new land areas. If the road crosses a fault line, then the earthquake might push the road along the fault line. The road will be sliced apart or pushed and even separated by the chasm all depending upon the movements of the earth’s plate.
If the intensity of the earthquake is high, then it can cause floods. Dams can be weakened or can be destroyed because of the earthquake. Making the water flow out of the barrier causing floods. Floods can also damage, submerge the ground level and sweeping away whatever will come into its path.
If it has caused the earthquakes near the ocean area, then it will cause the tsunami and giant tidal waves in the ocean. These waves and tsunami can cause huge damage to human lives living near the ocean area.
If it has caused the earthquakes near the area which contains lakes. Then, the phenomenon will be called “seiches”. Although seiches are not powerful like floods or tsunami if the earthquakes are strong enough then it can destroy the lakefront property.
Earthquakes can also cause fires by ripping gas pipes, pulling down electric wires and power lines.
Earthquakes are natural disasters that can take place anytime and anywhere. We have no control over it but by the help of modern technologies, We can predict easily when will earthquake occur and at which place. Then, we can take suitable measures to minimize the risks that the damage that the earthquake will probably to cause.
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