Kohinoor, a gem, due to which many wars and deaths happen. Also, it can be stated as one of the most prestigious things in the world.
The Kohinoor was found in Golconda, South India, where Hope Diamonds were also found. It is still unclear the exact time when Kohinoor was found in India, but the words of Kohinoor started to spread in early 1304. It was possessed by King of Malwa. At that time, it weights around 793 carats.
Many kings died to gain this precious gem. At that time, the commander of the army, Mir Julma, holds the responsibility to protect and secure this gem from the invaders. Due to the continuous attacks on Golconda, Mir Julma fled to Delhi with Kohinoor, to protect this precious gem.
In Delhi, he came under the wing of King Shah Jahan and gifts him the Kohinoor. The Mughal King, Shah Jahan had never seen such an elegant and beautiful gem.
Shah Jahan accepted the gift from Mir Julma and Kohinoor was passes to his son Aurangzeb, after his death.
Aurangzeb was very attacked to the Kohinoor and whenever a guest arrives at his empire, he shows them the beauty of Kohinoor. The Kohinoor remained in the Mughal Empire till 1749. Shah Jahan was held prisoner by his own son, for grasping the Kohinoor and the battle between the two sides of the Mughal Empire started.
This led to the weakening of the Great Mughal Empire, which also led to its downfall.
After this, Nadir Shah, the king of Iran, attacks the Mughal Empire with an army of 80,000 soldiers and battle continues for the next 58 days.
Nadir Shah won the battle and conquers all the treasures of Delhi and went to King Aurangzeb. Then, he saw a shiny diamond, bigger than any diamond he ever saw, attached to the crown. Till then, there was no name of the Kohinoor and only known as the Big-Diamond.
Nadir Shah named that Koh-i-Noor, which means the mountain of light in the Persian Language
Nadir Shah took Kohinoor to Iran along with all the treasures he conquered.
In 1749, an Afghan King, Ahmad Shah attacks Iran and adds Kohinoor in his treasures. After the death of Ahmad Shah, his son Shah Shujah Durrani holds this diamond. But the politics and conspiracies forced Shah Shujah to fled from his own empire. He visits the King of Lahore King Ranjit Singh and gifts him Kohinoor. King Ranjit Singh made a bracelet for this diamond and wore that on special occasions.
After the Death of King Ranjit Singh in 1849, his son Duleep Singh, was very young the British Empire already holds their grasps on India. They forced the Diamond from him and gave this precious gift to the Queen of England, Queen Victoria. She accepted the gift with joy and since then, The Kohinoor was held by British Crown Jewels.
Kohinoor is known as one of the most precious and most historical gems, the world has ever seen.