How To Write An Effective Research Paper

Jeremy Woods
Aug 21, 2020   •  16 views

Students write research papers very often. But no one really knows how to write this research paper at a university. Well, apart from us, of course. And after some considerations, we decided that it's time to share this valuable information with you.

What Is The Research Paper For?

The research paper is the same type of scientific work as all the others (essay, report, diploma, laboratory). Like all of them, research work is intended for those who are eager to get to the bottom of things and phenomena, want to understand and analyze some natural phenomena, and also intends to make some kind of discovery themselves.

1. Determine The Topic And Purpose Of The Research

The theme should be original, it needs an element of surprise, unusualness, it should be such that the work can be done relatively quickly. It is necessary to decide why this particular problem needs to be studied at the present time - this is relevance. In the research work, a goal should be formulated - what result is expected to be obtained, how, in general terms, this result is seen even before it is obtained. Usually, the goal is to study specific phenomena.

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2. Conduct Empirical Research

If possible, refer to good old empirical research. What is it? Imagine an article or book written by a recognized expert on a subject you are researching, read, and approved by other experts on the subject you are researching. Such materials can be found in scientific journals or online.

3. Make up the Structure of the Future Paper

To sketch out a plan of work, start drawing up the structure with a rough draft. In the course of analyzing the information and compiling the research paper, the main ideas that will be introduced into the content will be clear.

In general, stick to the typical structure:

• title page - information on the educational institution, discipline, topic, student and examiner is indicated here;

• content - the second page contains chapters, paragraphs, subparagraphs, and pages corresponding to each department;

• introduction - a brief tour of the project, identification of the problem and its relevance, practical significance;

• main part (abstract) - full disclosure of the essence of the problem;

• conclusion - the section is similar to the introduction, but provides a short conclusion;

• bibliographic list - a list of references in alphabetical order;

• applications - visual material with graphs, tables, illustrations, etc.

4. Prepare an Introduction and Conclusions at the very End of the Work

Starting a project by writing an introduction is a bad idea: if the student hasn't even begun to understand the chosen topic, how can the introduction and conclusion be informative? Leave these two parts of the work for later: prepare the project, and you will be more confident in telling in the introduction what to expect from the research work, and in the conclusion - answer the question "why did you write this work?"

Important To Remember

  1. Stick to the theme of your work, so you have a better chance of being creative.

  2. Remember, your scientific work should only rely on trustworthy and credible materials that support your arguments.

  3. To avoid making mistakes, read your work aloud several times, or have a friend check it.

  4. You can also read your work, not from the beginning, but from the end, i.e. read sentences in reverse order to notice mistakes. If you have already read your work from beginning to end several times, then your eyes could get used to the words, therefore, reading the work from end to beginning, you can notice still unnoticed mistakes.

  5. Proofread your writing to correct grammatical and punctuation errors.

  6. Wikipedia can be a great source of information, but be careful. Make sure the information you are reading makes sense; sometimes, as with any wiki, the pages may have been deliberately tampered with by someone. Because of this, many teachers have expressed disapproval of the use of this site. Check with your teacher about using Wikipedia as a source of information.

  7. Sometimes it helps to divide all scientific work into several parts; for example, into 5 parts. Work on each part separately, keeping in mind that the last sentence of one part should be a linking sentence with the next part. The introduction and conclusion should reflect each other, but should not be the same.

Summing Up

Thus, we can say that the correctly selected topic, accurately calculated time, the implementation of all the principles of writing a research paper will facilitate this process. And at the same time, it will ensure the achievement of high results, will allow the student, who in this case will act as a researcher and critic, to rise one step higher in the professional field of activity.