Water scarcity is mostly due to mishandling of water and excessive population growth. It is also responsible for the government's inadequate infrastructure of preservation of fresh water. India is an agricultural country where more than 65% of it's people are still engaged into farming. Today, India stands as one of the leading countries who's facing severe water shortage and it is assumed that conditions are going to worsen more in the next twenty years as the population is expected to increase rapidly.
Since maximum states of India are engaged in agricultural production, requirement of water is gradually high. Lack of proper infastructure to draw the required amount of water from fresh water sources are not modern that can save the sufficient water. Increased corporate privatization, industrial and human waste along with government corruption is leading to brutal water scarcity in India. Effects of water scarcity is responsible for four broad aspects; Poverty, health and hygiene, Education, and the most important, irresponsibility of government. Maximum people in India, today , are still illiterate. They don't have any idea about family planning and why it is important. They think, more the children, more source of income. This is leading to poverty at a higher stake. These people are also unaware of the uses of water purification systems, or conservation of water. Our Government is deeply engaged in making the richer more rich. The lack of adequate sanitation and safe water has significantly caused a negative impact on the health.
India is facing a fresh water crisis. India has just 4% of the world's fresh water — but contributes to 16% of the total global population. Tap water in maximum parts of India is unfit for consumption. Proper purification techniques has lead to wastage of water at a very risky rate. The state of Tamil Nadu, parts of Maharastra, Rajasthan are facing a dangerous level of water scarcity. Illegal privatisation in Chennai lead to loss of huge acres of waterbodies which led to today's crisis. Water for sanitation in Chennai is scarce. Laundry and bathing are nothing but an act of luxury in today's Chennai! Price of bottle drinking water is reported to have gone up four times while packaged water can only be sustained by wealthier middle-class. Villagers, today have to walk long distances to get water for domestic needs. Reports say, that people have to sell valuable items to buy water! If this continues, prices of water shall be more than that of Gold one day. While Rajasthan’s situation is a perennial problem due to the geography of the state but Maharashtra’s water scarcity problem is a direct result of the mismanagement and climate change, that adversely affected the north-western, western and eastern regions of the state in recent years.
Higher precision and the following points can help to reduce the water scarcity to some extent.
Educate the mass and spread awareness of changing water usage and lifestyle.
Proper water conservation techniques should be introduced immediately.
Improvement in agricultural production where wastage of water is completely abstained.
Recycling of waste water. It not only goes for the people who are facing water scarcity today, but also we individuals. We are equally responsible for wasting water to such an extend that, India as a whole will be facing water shortage to a mammoth extent.