Brain-drain means fleeing of talents especially in the field of science and technology from their native land to other countries. This problem is not peculiar to India, even highly advanced countries like Britain and Russia have been loosing their scientists to the U.S.A. But for India it is a one way traffic. We only loose scientists and in the process get impoverished. Thus, it steps out to be a very serious problem for India as it is fleeing the Indian specialized manpower resource which is very precious for our country.
It is a common knowledge that some of the most brilliant persons are unable to get suitable jobs in the country itself. In such circumstances they migrate to other countries in search of better prospects or material comforts. It might be the case that the amount of salary may not be very important for these intellectuals. They may reconcile to a lower pay and other hardships if their capability is recognised, their work is appreciated and if better chances of research in their field of specialization are provided to them. Thus, there exists the need to have well equipped laboratories with advanced technology, library with rich knowledge material to retain our brilliant minds from fleeing to other countries.
The brain-drain lays an adverse effect on the national economy. Their services can be utilized for the development of the country. But sometimes in a developing country, their talents cannot be put to a proper use due to one reason or the other. It is difficult for such a country to provide sufficient funds for research work where there are still basic needs to be fulfilled and lot or poor people lack of basic food meals.
Therefore, it becomes the moral duty of these brains to be patriotic. They should do their best for their motherland even in the most adverse circumstances. They should realise the importance of their motherland, that it is the only place where they can reach maximum height of glory with the immense love of their own people and recognition and also patronage. Instead of moving to other nations they should create opportunities here to develop environment to nurture brilliant brains and help helping in the growth of country's talent. At present the country is not in a position to offer them better amenities and to utilize their services. But tomorrow this will not be the case. In an economically and industrially advanced country, new brains will crop up who may not like to desert their motherland as they can only get true satisfaction and love in the country itself that every individual searches for.