World's Deadliest Natural Disasters

Nishu Tripathi
Jul 22, 2019   •  18 views

The nature which withholds the existence of life also has the power to cause a disaster and change the world completely. These unpredictable moments cause a huge amount of damage destroying lives, homes and livelihoods. Some of the deadliest disasters are Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic eruptions and landslides.

Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 2011

On March 11, 2011, an earthquake of 9 magnitude shook the northeast part of tge japan and gave rise to a tremendous Tsunami.

Cause: In a subduction zone, two plates slide in which one gets stuck beneath the other into the hot mantle beneath the crust. Thus lead to a huge build of energy and resulted in earthquake.

Deaths: The number of confirmed deaths is 15,894, according to the reconstruction agency. More than 2,500 people are reported missing.

The tsunami flooded an estimated area of approximately 217 square miles in Japan.

The waves climbed and overtopped the several sea walls destroying them and making huge destruction.

Spanish flu

The 1918 influenza pandemic was the most hazardous pandemic in the history. It spread world wide during 1918-1919. In the US it was first caught in military personnel in spring of 1918. It is estimated that about 500 million people i.r one-third of the world’s population got caught of this virus.

Cause: It was caused by an H1N1 virus which had ancient gene of avian.

Deaths: The number of deaths was estimated to be 50 million.

Anak Krakatau 1883

In year 1883, the Krakatau also known as Krakatoa volcano erupted in a series of four explosions that destroyed the neighbour islands and killed approximately 30000 people. The eruption wreaked the weather patterns of that area for next five years.

The volcano shrank to about one fourth of what it used to be after the explosion.

Originally it used to be 1108 feet high.

Indian ocean Tsunami and Flood 2004

In 2004 at 8:00 AM a earthquake of 9.1 magnitude- one of the largest earthquake ever recorded ripped through the undersea thrusting through Indian ocean and overthrowing a massive column of water towards the shores.

Deaths: It is considered to be one of the deadliest tsunamis recorded in History with affecting 230000 lives in just some hours.

The city of Banda Aceh on the northern tip of Sumatra was closest to the powerful earthquake’s epicenter and the first waves arrived in just 20 minutes.

Thailand was next to be affected, With waves traveling 500 mph across the Indian Ocean, the tsunami hit the coastal lines of Phang Nga and Phuket an hour later.