The third Jyotirlinga in the Dwadash Jyotirlinga Strotam is the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga in the ancient city of Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Lord Shiva is seated here in his Swayambhu from which means a self-manifested form of a shivling deriving currents of power (Shakti) from within itself as against the other images and lingams that are ritually established and invested with mantra-shakti. The mahakaleshwar shivling is ‘dakshinmurti’ which means facing south. It is also one of the names of Lord Shiva.
MAHAKAALESHWAR TEMPLE PREMISES
The life of the people of the city of Ujjain revolves around their deity Lord Mahakaal. He is considered as the king of the city of Ujjain and the protector of its people. Ujjain is one of the four places where drops of ‘Amrit’ the holy nectar fell when Lord Garuda was protecting it from the asuras. A Kumbha Mela is held here after every 12 years. No VIP or VVIP stays at Ujjain at night because Lord Mahakaal is the king here.
LEGEND OF THE JYOTIRLINGAM:
According to the Puranas, the city of Ujjain was called Avantika and was famous for its beauty and its status as a devotional epicenter. It was also one of the primary cities where students went to study holy scriptures. According to legend, there was a ruler of Ujjain called Chandrasena, who was a pious devotee of Lord Shiva and worshiped him all the time. One day, a farmer's boy named Shrikhar was walking on the grounds of the palace and heard the King chant the Lord's name and rushed to the temple to start praying with him. However, the guards removed him by force and sent him to the outskirts of the city near the river Kshipra. Rivals of Ujjain, primarily King Ripudamana and King Singhaditya of the neighboring kingdoms decided to attack the Kingdom and take over its treasures around this time. Hearing this, Shrikhar started to pray and the news spread to a priest named Vridhi. He was shocked to hear this and upon the urgent pleas of his sons, started to pray to Lord Shiva at the river Kshipra. The Kings chose to attack and were successful; with the help of the powerful demon Dushan, who was blessed by Lord Brahma to be invisible, they plundered the city and attacked all the devotees of Lord Shiva.
Upon hearing the pleas of His helpless devotees, Lord Shiva appeared in his Mahakala form and destroyed the enemies of King Chandrasena. Upon the request of his devotees Shrikhar and Vridhi, Lord Shiva agreed to reside in the city and become the chief deity of the Kingdom and take care of it against its enemies and to protect all His devotees. From that day on, Lord Shiva resided in His light form as Mahakala in a Lingam that was formed on its own from the powers of the Lord and His consort, Parvati. The Lord also blessed his devotees and declared that people who worshipped Him in this form would be free from the fear of death and diseases. Also, they would be granted worldly treasures and be under the protection of the Lord himself.
MAHAKAAL BHASMAARTI SHRINGAAR
DARSHAN AND AARTI TIMINGS:
4:00AM- Temple opening hours.
4:30 AM- Bhasmarti of Mahakaal
7:00 AM morning Pooja
8:00 AM to 10:00 AM- Darshan
10:00 AM to 10:30 AM – Mid Day Pooja
10:00AM to 5:00 PM – Darshan
5:00 PM to 5:30 PM- Evening Pooja
6:00 PM to 7:00PM – Darshan
7:00 PM to 7:30 PM – Mahakaleshwar Aarti
8:00 PM to 11:00 PM- Darshan
11:00 PM- Closing
HOW TO REACH:
Reaching by air
Located in Ujjain, the temple is very well-connected with the rest of India. It lies in the state of Madhya Pradesh, and can be reached by domestic flights from anywhere in India. The nearest airport is Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar Airport in Indore which is 58 kms from the temple.
Reaching by train
Ujjain Junction is well-connected with all Indian cities, and both long and short distance trains ply to and from the city’s main railway station.
Reaching by road
Ujjain is connected by roads with major cities; a road trip from Delhi to Ujjain covers 776 km far, while from Mumbai it is 648 km away. Ujjain is only 188 km away from Madhya Pradesh’s capital city Bhopal.
The best time to visit the Mahakaleshwar Temple is during Mahashivratri, which falls between the months of February and March.
You can also watch the live darshan here: http://dic.mp.nic.in/ujjain/mahakal/common_forms/live_darshan.aspx
THE LINKS TO MY OTHER ARTICLES ARE AS FOLLOWS:
Life Lessons to Learn from Lord Shiva:
Art of Living and Significance of Lord Shiva's Attire:
Most Powerful Weapons of Lord Shiva (Part 1):
Most Powerful Weapons of Lord Shiva (Part 2):
Most Powerful Weapons of Lord Shiva (Part 3):
Book Review of Raavan:Enamy of Aryavarta(Book 3 of Ramchandra Series):
Book Review of Sita: Warrior of Mithila(Book 2 of Ramchandra Series):
Book Review of Ram: Scion of Ikshvaku(Book 1 of Ramchandra Series):