Climate change is a change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.
Earth-orbiting satellites and other technological advances have enabled scientists to see the big picture, collecting many different types of information about our planet and its climate on a global scale. This body of data, collected over many years, reveals the signals of a changing climate.
Global warming is the term used to describe a gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and its oceans, a change that is believed to be permanently changing the Earth’s climate.
The increased volumes of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases released by the burning of fossil fuels, land clearing, agriculture, and other human activities, are believed to be the primary sources of the global warming that has occurred over the past 50 years. Scientists from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate carrying out global warming research have recently predicted that average global temperatures could increase between 1.4 and 5.8 °C by the year 2100.
These changes will be having very real and prompt effects resulting in a massive deterioration in the quality of living and environment for both plants and animals. Global warming and climate change is a very real threat that is being taken seriously only recently due to outburst of news of social media platforms such as Instagram, Twitter etc.
“Glaciers are melting, sea levels are rising,cloud forests are dying, andwildlife is scramblingto keep pace. It has become clear that humans have caused most of the past century's warming byreleasingheat-trapping gases as we power our modern lives. Called greenhouse gases, their levels arehigher now than at any time in the last 800,000 years.” -National Geographic.
You are are already aware of the basic small scale changes you can make (reduse usage of plastic, recycle, share articles on social media, educate yourself and others) however the change is still slow, and if it continues going at this pace then very soon we won’t have much to save. Everybody needs to understand that just sharing a video on Instagram is not even close to enough.
For example, you could take an initiative in your school or university and reach out to teachers, raise money for non-profit organisations or encourage other family or neighbours to look into them.
Top organisations you could donate to are: https://footprint.secure.force.com/donate
you can keep tabs on their work through their website.