It was the first Victory of American Revolutionists against their unjust parent country. Hence this account is of very much significance. It teaches us very deep and meaningful things. It taught us that one has to work hard to gain what they truly desire.
Franklin D Roosevelt so correctly perceived the freedom. According to him, freedom is something which cannot be bestowed on some-one but it has to be achieved. American Revolution of Independence is the biggest, earliest and inspiring fight of freedom struggle.
This Revolution has stood at centre point for motivation even for Indian Independence and Independence of many other countries. Many of such inspirations in them are Boston Tea party. No! It was not a party but would not seem any less as well. Let’s first try to understand the political background of American Revolution. In 1760, Britain was in debt due to French and Indian War (1754- 1763). They were both militarily aided by their mother countries. Due to this the Britain suffered from a huge debt. In order to recover they started implementing various Taxes in American colonies.
In 1765 stamp act was passed, according to which every piece of printed paper to playing cards, everything was taxed to whatever it was used. This made the mob angry. There was yet another act known as Townshend Act, British went further by taxing essentials as well. They didn’t think that it was unfair as they were suffering debt because they fought on behalf of colonists. There was a surge of extreme anger among the masses. They felt a great injustice was done to them. As they were taxed, sadly but were provided with no representation in parliament. Soon a sad and dreadful incident happened which is famous by the name of ‘Boston Massacre’. Open firing was ordered on the mob which killed almost 5 colonists and injured 6.
Britain eventually discarded all the taxes except tea tax. Tea tax was kept because it generated nearly 12 lakh pounds tax yearly. It looked a great way to make up for debt.
In 1773 Tea act was passed according to which British East India could sell tea to the colonies duty free and cheaper but still could tax the tea when it reaches the port. Sons of liberty were a group of colonial merchants who protested against stamp act, protested against the Tea act as well.
On 16 December 1773, there were 3 ships carrying tea namely Dartmouth, Beaver and Eleanor. Many Colonists protested against the arrival of Tea at Griffin Wharf. But Governor Thomas Hutchinson allowed the ships. At night a large group of men arrived at the port dressed as Native American threw 342 chests of tea into the sea. It took them nearly more than three hours to completely empty tea into Boston harbour. The tea that they threw was of almost cost 10, 00,000 dollars.
It was the first Victory of American Revolutionists against their unjust parent country. Hence this account is of very much significance. It teaches us very deep and meaningful things. It taught us that one has to work hard to gain what they truly desire. To serve our people, fight against injustice. We can even see how unity is strength.
It teaches us great values like courage, morality, ethics, unity and a hope that injustice has to be terminated through the struggle from which one should not fear.
1. In 1760, Britain was in debt.
2. In 1765 stamp act was passed.
3. 16 December 1773, there were 3 ships carrying tea namely Dartmouth, Beaver and Eleanor.
4. At night a large group of men arrived at the port dressed as Native American threw 342 chests of tea into the sea.
5. The victory taught great values like courage, morality, ethics, unity, etc.