Glaucoma Disease: Things Which You Must Know

Mohit Verma
Apr 01, 2020   •  2 views

Glaucoma is a type of eye condition that may develop in anyone. It is a common eye condition in people over the age of 40, though. But in some rare cases, babies and children have been found with glaucoma. People who have a family history of glaucoma are more prone to this condition and need to do regular eye checkups.

Two Main Types Of Glaucoma

The two main types of glaucoma are:

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

It is chronic glaucoma and the most common type. In this, the problem is long-lasting. It is generally caused by increased eye pressure or intraocular pressure inside the eye. It happens when the drainage passage of the eye fluid gets restricted by some blockage. When the pressure increases, it ultimately damages the optic nerve, and the patient loses eye vision.

 Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma

It is the closed glaucoma type in which the iris blocks the trabecular meshwork and stops the flow of eye fluid. There is no known cause of this type of glaucoma. And the best treatment is to get the surgery done to clear the eye pressure. It includes acute angle-closure glaucoma and chronic angle-closure glaucoma.

Acute closed-angle glaucoma happens suddenly, and the pressure does not decrease. If the patient does not find relief, one must consult with an eye specialist who has experience with glaucoma patients. For best glaucoma treatment in Delhi, consult with a well-known ophthalmologist. This type of glaucoma is treated with a laser surgery known as the iridectomy.

Some Essential Things To Know About Glaucoma

Get Eye Checked

A comprehensive eye checkup after every six months to one year is necessary for adults. Dilated eye exams are the best way to identify any signs and symptoms that may point towards glaucoma. Individual drops widen your pupil that helps the doctor to diagnose the eye condition. Using a unique magnifying lens, the doctor examines the eye to see if there is any sign of damage. Anyone above the age of 40 must consult with eye doctors and get their eyes checked at least once a year.

Also, one must not wait for any noticeable signs to go for the eye checkup. Sometimes lack of awareness and symptoms stop people from getting their eyes diagnosed. Glaucoma may not give you any signs and may damage the eye without your knowledge.

Damage Of Optic Nerve

The optic nerve is the primary connection of the eye with the brain that carries the information. So if the optic nerve is damaged due to glaucoma, the visual information of a person will get disrupted.

Eye Pressure and Glaucoma

Not every patient with increased eye pressure gets glaucoma. But if you have increased eye pressure, it needs to be treated immediately. Make sure to consult with a specialized eye doctor for your treatment so that he or she can diagnose your condition before suggesting a treatment.

Before you get your glaucoma treated, you should know that every form of eye treatment has specific benefits and limitations. It would help if you did not have over expectations. Discuss with your doctor about the pros and cons of glaucoma treatment before you proceed.