Cross-Platform Frameworks are the Software Libraries that can be used to build software products for multiple platforms with a single codebase. There is a major advantage of using the cross-platform frameworks that is the company need not hire different developers for different platforms and the maintenance of the product will be very easy in case of updating or making any changes to the software. Nowadays Crossplatform frameworks also support native features like The flutter and React Native. In simple words, Cross-platform software is computer software that is implemented on multiple computing platforms.
Flutter is Google’s portable UI toolkit for building beautiful, natively-compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase. No need to learn two languages like Swift or objective C for IOS app development and Java for Android app development, with the help of flutter you can develop native apps for both android and IOS with only one language that is Dart
React Native is an open-source mobile application framework created by Facebook. It is used to develop applications for Android, iOS, Web, and UWP by enabling developers to use React along with native platform capabilities.
Flutter was founded by Google and community in May 2017(2 years ago)
React Native was Founded by Facebook and community in May 2015(4 years ago)
Stable release:v1.7.8+hotfix.4 /July 24, 2019
Preview release:1.8.3 /August 8, 2019
License: NetBSD License
Stable release:0.60 /July 3, 2019
License: MIT License
The power of the frameworks comes from the Programming language used. If the used programming language is easy to learn and has lots of libraries and Developer support then the framework or the library will be very easy to learn by the Students and other Developers.
Flutter uses the Dart programming language.
Dart was fast while compiling while developing appsIt was easy for developers to adapt who know either static or dynamic programming language
Dart allows Flutter to avoid the need for a separate declarative layout language like JSX or XML, or separate visual interface builders because Dart’s declarative, programmatic layout is easy to read and visualize.
This allows web developers to develop Cross Platform apps with a little bit of learning.
It is Dynamically typed language and is commonly used with React.
Flutter is although a new framework due to its simplicity and power of dart packages it has excellent support from the various communities of Developers. It has its own community at Github, Stackoverflow, Quora, etc.It has its own slack group, as well as the Youtube channel, where they will be releasing tutorials regarding the new Widgets and also Widget of the week. Lots of people have shown their support on Reddit and Medium.
React Native is also an open-source library. There are lots of people using React so it has lots of support at GitHub where people can report bugs for the improvement of react-native. The react Native community has also official meetups and conferences where they announce the new features. To receive updates you can follow their Twitter account and blog. You can get your queries answered easily at Reactiflux Discordcommunity and Facebook groups.
Flutter has an Excellent Documentation compared to React Native as it has been crafted in a way that any newbie can follow and can work with the widgets. React Native Documentation is also Good but it’s not much beginner-friendly.
6)Installation and Setup
The installation and setup of both Frameworks are not easy. React Native can be installed with npm but we need to have nodejs and npm installed at our system. To install React native visit Getting started with React Native. Flutter Installation is a little Difficult Compared to React native as we need to have the emulators which come with an android studio and we have to set the path too. To know more visit Flutter Installation docs.
Companies Using React Native includes Facebook, Instagram, Discovery Vr, Airbnb, Bloomberg, Myntra
Companies using Flutter include Google, Alibaba, JD Finance, Appletree, Reflectly,Abbey Road Studios.
If you are a complete Beginner It is better to go with Flutter for building Cross-platform apps as you have to learn Only one Language that is Dart. If you are a Web Developer then it is better to go with React Native as it will be Comfortable for you. Android Developers can go with Flutter as Dart is similar to Java.
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Both of the frameworks have their own advantages and disadvantages but flutter wins as it is beginner-friendly and has extensive developer support as it is crafted by google with atmost Care.